In 2005 the US Foreign Policy magazine and the US-based Fund for Peace think-tank introduced the annual Failed States Index by ranking 76 nations according to their viability.
The "failed states index" is based on "tens of thousands of articles" from different sources gathered over several months in 2005 and reviewed by experts, its authors said.
Each nation was given an overall score based on the 12 criteria:
- mounting demographic pressures
- massive movement of refugees and internally displaced peoples
- legacy of vengeance - seeking group grievance
- chronic and sustained human flight
- uneven economic development along group lines
- sharp and/or severe economic decline
- criminalisation and delegitimisation of the state
- progressive deterioration of public services
- widespread violation of human rights
- security apparatus as "state within a state"
- rise of factionalised elites
- intervention of other states
____________________________________________In 2005 Pakistan was ranked 34th in a list of 76 countries topped by:
- The Ivory Coast (106.0 points)
- Democratic Republic of Congo (105.3 points)
- Sudan (104.1 points)
- Iraq (103.2 points)
- Somalia (102.3 points)
- Sierra Leone (102.1 points)
- Chad (100.9 points)
- Yemen ( 99.7 points)
- Liberia ( 99.5 points)
- Haiti ( 99.2 points)
34. Pakistan ( 89.4 points)
75. China ( 72.3 points)
76. India ( 69.5 points)
And so this weekthe 2006 Failed States Index was released.
And guess what? Pakistan has crashed dramatically to become the 9th most at risk state out of a newly extended list of 146 countries.
- Sudan (112.3 points)
- Democratic Republic of Congo (110.1 points)
- The Ivory Coast (109.2 points)
- Iraq (109.0 points)
- Zimbabwe (108.9 points)
- Chad (tie) (105.9 points)
- Somalia (tie) (105.9 points)
- Haiti (104.6 points)
- Pakistan (103.1 points)
- Afghanistan ( 99.8 points)
Pakistan moved from 34th last year to ninth in the new report - one of the sharpest changes in the overall score of any country on the list.
The contributing factors were Pakistan's inability to police the tribal areas near the Afghan border, the devastating earthquake last October in Kashmir and rising ethnic tensions, the report said.